Draught animal power still plays an important role in Indian agriculture. Traditional technlogies based on animal power are still in use for different agricultural operations in the rural areas of Mewar region of Rajasthan. The traditional implements and equipment are manufactured at village level by local artisans. Different agricultural operations based on bullock power including land preparation, sowing, irrigation, interculture and post-harvest operation like threshing, oil expelling and sugarcane crushing have been described.
DAN-archive, issue nº 47, 2009
Animal power world-wide
Domestic work animals exist in all regions of the world. Animals assist in eliminating
poverty, reducing drudgery and creation of wealth. Animal traction is particularly important for food security in smallholder farming systems. Animals can assist directly with crop production (ploughing, planting, and weeding). Food production, distribution and rural trade
are also assisted through animal-powered transport (on-farm, marketing, riding, pack transport). Animals save household (women and children) time and effort by carrying water and fuel wood. Animal power can also be used for water-lifting, milling, logging and land excavation and road construction. Many different types of animal are employed, particularly cattle (oxen, bulls and cows), buffaloes, horses, mules, donkeys and camels.